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Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria, 24 May 1819 &ndash, 22 January 1901)
Was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Excellent Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the extra title of Empress of India.
Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and the King died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
She inherited the throne at the age of Eighteen, after her father’s three elder brothers had all died without surviving legitimate issue. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the Sovereign held relatively few direct political powers. Privately, she attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Publicly, she became a national icon, and was identified with stringent standards of private morality.
She married her very first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their nine children and 26 of their 34 grandchildren who survived childhood married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the nickname ",the grandmother of Europe",. After Albert’s death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration.
Her reign of 63 years and 7 months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military switch within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a fine expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover, her son and successor Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father.
Earliest History of Father’s Day
D-Day 6th June 1944 – We Shall Reminisce Them!
The Normandy landings, codenamed Operation Neptune, were the landing operations of the Allied invasion of Normandy, in Operation Overlord, during World War II.
The landings commenced on Tuesday, June 6, 1944 (D-Day), beginning at 6:30 AM British Dual Summer Time (GMT+Two). In planning, D-Day was the term used for the day of actual landing, which was dependent on final approval.
The landings were conducted in two phases: an airborne attack landing of 24,000 British, American, Canadian and Free French airborne troops shortly after midnight, and an amphibious landing of Allied infantry and armoured divisions on the coast of France embarking at 6:30 AM. There were also decoy operations under the codenames Operation Glimmer and Operation Taxable to divert the German coerces from the real landing areas.
Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Coerces was General Dwight Eisenhower while overall instruction of ground compels (21st Army Group) was given to General Bernard Montgomery. The operation, planned by a team under Lieutenant-General Frederick Morgan, was the largest amphibious invasion in world history and was executed by land, sea, and air elements under direct British guideline with over 160,000 troops landing on June 6, 1944. 195,700Allied naval and merchant navy personnel in over Five,000 ships were involved. The invasion required the transport of soldiers and material from the United Kingdom by troop-laden aircraft and ships, the brunt landings, air support, naval interdiction of the English Channel and naval fire-support. The landings took place along a 50-mile (80 km) spread of the Normandy coast divided into five sectors: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword.
60 years of The Queen’s reign
The Queen came to the throne on 6 February 1952 and her coronation took place on Two June 1953.
She celebrated her Silver Jubilee (25 years) in 1977 and her Golden Jubilee (50 years) in 2002.
The central weekend, 2-5 June Communities all around the country will be celebrating over an extended bank holiday weekend, and there will be many ways to get involved in local events.
Events are planned across the UK over the next four days to mark 60 years since the Queen came to the throne. Last-minute preparations are under way for the many street parties, outdoor concerts and fairs being staged for the royal celebration.
Family History UK would like to congratulate the Queen on her 60 years on the throne.
Families from Cutty Sark’s history traced for reunion Descendants of shipbuilders, sailors and captains who worked on the Cutty Sark are to gather on board the famous tea clipper in the largest reunion of families who have been involved in the vessel’s history.
It is almost 143 years since Sophie Kennedy Clark’s great-great-great grandfather witnessed the completion of his most famous ship. Hercules Linton’s design for the Cutty Sark permitted the tea clipper to become the fastest vessel of its time, capable of even outrunning the more advanced steam ships that had begun to take to the seas. Now his descendant, an actress and model who shows up in the latest Johnny Depp film Dark Shadows, will set foot on his ship for the very first time to take part in the largest ever reunion of the families of the boys and women who built and sailed the vessel.
Researchers have traced 400 living descendants of team members, captains and shipwrights who worked on the Cutty Sark and at least 170 of them will be brought together for the very first time on board the vessel at an event to mark the completion of an five year restoration of the ship. ",It is going to be like a giant family gathering of people I didn’t know existed,", said Miss Kennedy Clark, 20, who has modelled as the face of Burberry and has appeared alongside David Tennant in the TV drama Single Father.
VE Day – End of the war – Rejoice!
After five years, eight months, and five days of massive devastation, the end of the European phase of World War II was celebrated.Victory in Europe was commemorated with celebrations all around the world in recognition of the unconditional give up of all German coerces signed in Reims, France, the previous day.
Rejoicing at end of war in Europe
On March 7, 1945, the Western Allies&mdash,whose chief commanders in the field were Omar N. Bradley and Bernard Law Montgomery&mdash,crossed the Rhine after having smashed through the strongly fortified Siegfried Line and overran West Germany. The German collapse came after the meeting (Apr. 25) of the Western and Russian armies at Torgau in Saxony, and after Hitler’s death amid the ruins of Berlin, which was falling to the Russians under marshals Zhukov and Konev. The unconditional capitulate of Germany was signed at Rheims on May 7 and ratified at Berlin on May 8.
May 8 marks the formal celebration of the Allies’ victory in Europe during World War II
Banns of marriage
a proclamation of intended marriage , repeated three times at weekly intervals in the parish churches of both the bride and bridegroom. To dispense with banns required a marriage licence. Both banns and licences were valid for Three months.
In 1753 , Hardwicke’s Marriage Act brought Banns Registers into regular use, sometimes in separate books, sometimes in the parish marriage registers.A comparatively puny number of Banns Books sustain, the requirement to register banns continued until 1812. A banns record by itself is of course no assure that the marriage itself actually took place. People could always switch their minds at the last minute, or parents might have stepped in to stopped minors marrying, or previous spouses have come forward to prevent a bigamous marriage, the list goes on.
Marriages are sometimes said to take place ", by certificate",, before 1837 that would likely mean that one party came from another parish and had to provide written evidence[a certificate] that the banns had decently been called in the other parish too, and no protestation made. After 1837 it may refer to a Registrar’s certificate issued after notice of the intended marriage had been posted for the requisite Trio weeks in the RO, and when the marriage subsequently took place in a church.
The records of more than 27 million people in England go online at www.1911census.co.uk today, three years earlier than planned. We here at FHUK – Family History UK website (together with others in the industry) and its FHUK members have previously pressured the government for early release – we can now see the results on www.1911census.co.uk . Find My Past
* Online access to the records of Two.Four million people living in Wales in 1911
* Major fresh family history resource
The census covered Wales, England, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, as well as recording those aboard Royal Naval and Merchant vessels at sea and in foreign ports and, for the very first time in a British census, utter details of British Army personnel and their families in military establishments overseas. It is the most detailed census since UK records began and the very first for which the original census schedules have been preserved – finish with our ancestors’ own handwriting – providing a fascinating insight into British society almost a century ago.
Ems of thousands of Jewish genealogical records will be made public under initiatives by the Manchester Council of Synagogues and the city’s Jewish genealogical society. People will be able to access the records over the internet through a pay-as-you-view facility.
The genealogical society has released 300 fresh digital records from the closed Prestwich cemetery.
It is hoped that these will be added to the council of synagogues’ ongoing project to create a super-database. A five-year council of synagogues’ project includes digitising the last of 28,000 ageing records from burial societies and creating a website to host the data. The £,50,000 cost has come from the city’s burial societies and synagogue funds. It is hoped to recoup outlay from paid inquiries.
The council is also considering whether to join coerces with the genealogical society and Manchester Jewish Museum to input combined records on to the museum’s website.
Council of synagogues’ chairman Shimmy Lopian said a joint venture had not yet been agreed. ",I think pooling resources would be a positive thing, and we may join together in the future.",
Genealogical society chair Lorna Kay is frustrated that the records are not being made public instantly. ",I have a giant backlog of genealogical inquiries from the US, Israel, Australia, and Fresh Zealand. We’re turning down money as we speak.",
The genealogical society has moved to premises at the Jewish Museum, where its records will be kept
From The Jewish Chronicle
November 06, 2008
Today in History
The book from the Big black cock program – a jargon-free idiot’s guide to tracing your family history!